Ankle Problems

Follow this chart for more information about problems that can cause ankle pain.

Step 2

Answering Questions

  • Did you begin to have pain or swelling after a fall or a twisting injury or after the ankle was hit?

  • Is there significant swelling and is the pain so intense you’re unable to walk on the ankle?

  • Is there swelling and a bruise, but you’re still able to walk on the ankle?

  • Do you have swelling, stiffness (especially in the morning) or pain that comes and goes in both ankles ?

  • Do you have a fever, or is more than one joint swollen and red?

  • Did the pain come on suddenly, or does clothing or bedding that rubs against the joint cause pain?

  • Do you usually feel pain before or during a change in the weather, or are you experiencing swelling, stiffness and pain that gets worse during or after use of your ankle?

Step 3

Possible Causes

  • Diagnosis

    You may have a FRACTURE or a severe SPRAIN.

    Self Care

    Don’t walk on the injured foot. Raise the leg and place ice on the swollen area. See your doctor promptly.

  • Diagnosis

    You may have a SPRAINED ANKLE, or a FRACTURE of the FIBULA.

    Self Care

    Use ice, elevation, rest and an elastic bandage to keep the swelling under control. See your doctor if the swelling and pain continue.

  • Diagnosis


    Self Care

    See your doctor. He or she can prescribe medicine to help control the symptoms of rheumatoid arthritis.

  • Diagnosis

    Fever along with a painful, swollen joint could be caused by an INFECTED JOINT. More than one affected joint could mean RHEUMATIC FEVER.

    Self Care


  • Diagnosis

    You may have GOUT (inflammation caused by high uric acid level in the blood).

    Self Care

    See your doctor. During a gout attack, you should rest in bed. You can put a hot pad or an ice pack on your ankle to ease the pain.

  • Diagnosis

    These symptoms could be caused by OSTEOARTHRITIS, also called DEGENERATIVE JOINT DISEASE, or by previous trauma to the ankle.

    Self Care

    See your doctor. Use heat and an anti-inflammatory medicine to relieve discomfort.

  • Self Care

    For more information, please talk to your doctor. If you think your problem is serious, call right away.

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